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Super PAC

A form of political actions committee that is permitted to raise and spend unlimited amounts of money to advocate for or against a candidate. They must report contributions and spending — known as independent expenditures — to the Federal Election Commission.

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The case generating a ruling in 2010, by the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, striking down on First Amendment grounds the federal contribution limits individuals could make to super PACs, politically active not-for-profits, unions and other groups that make independent expenditures.

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Hybrid PAC

A fundraising committee that has two distinct and segregated operations. One account collects contributions and spends money on independent expenditures like a super PAC. The other raises money and donates to candidates like a traditional political action committee. Also known as "Carey committees," after the court case that set the ground rules for such amalgams.

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