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President Biden signs executive orders just hours after taking the oath of office Wednesday.

Biden rescinds Trump order excluding the undocumented from reapportionment numbers

During his first day in office, President Biden signed a flurry of executive orders countermanding the actions of his predecessor. That initial batch of 17 orders included a reversal of Donald Trump's unprecedented effort to exclude undocumented immigrants when tabulating the U.S. population for the purpose of reallocating congressional districts.

Citing the 14th Amendment, Biden restored the centuries-old practice of counting every person residing in the United States when determining how many seats each state gets in the House of Representatives.

"We have long guaranteed all of the Nation's inhabitants representation in the House of Representatives," the order reads. "This tradition is foundational to our representative democracy, for our elected representatives have a responsibility to represent the interests of all people residing in the United States and affected by our laws. This tradition also respects the dignity and humanity of every person."

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There are an estimated 10.5 undocumented immigrants in the United States.

Supreme Court allows Trump to press on with a census discount of the undocumented

The Supreme Court on Friday kept alive President Trump's efforts to upend before he leaves office how the nation's congressional lines are drawn — by no longer counting undocumented immigrants as people deserving representation.

The court dismissed a lawsuit seeking to block the president, concluding it was premature to consider. The three liberal justices dissented, saying they were ready to declare the president's plan unlawful.

The issue is theoretically vital to the future of the one-person-one-vote principle, long a bedrock of American democracy. But the Trump administration now has only its final five weeks to complete its effort to abandon that concept, a deadline widely expected to prove too tight. And even if the administration does follow through in time, fresh legal challenges would surely follow — and the new Biden administration would be expected to work to abandon the idea.

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Hearing: 'Ensuring the 2020 Census Count is Complete and Accurate'

Organizer: House Oversight and Reform Committee

The committee will hold a hearing to examine recent reports that career officials at the Census Bureau have identified a series of new "anomalies" that will push the delivery of census data to late January or early February, as well as efforts by attorneys working for Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross to withhold this information from Congress and potentially the Supreme Court.

Location: Livestream

Balance of Power
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The Supreme Court will hear a census case Monday.

A democracy designed for a diverse country faces its latest test

Smith is the vice president for litigation and strategy at the Campaign Legal Center, a nonprofit focused on bolstering voting rights and curbing money's influence on politics.

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