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The State of Reform
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Download Unite America's free report analyzing the impact of four key political reforms.

Preclearance

Glossary

Under the Voting Rights Act, jurisdictions with histories of racial discrimination in their political practices may not make any changes affecting voting without advance approval – or preclearance – from the Justice Department or the federal trial court in Washington, D.C. The states and counties subject to preclearance were determined by a formula set out in Section 5 of the law. The Supreme Court declared the formula unconstitutionally outdated in 2013. The 5-4 ruling in Shelby County v. Holder did not strike down Section 5, but without a formula the preclearance requirement is unenforceable.

Learn more about preclearance.

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