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A woman exits a Harlem voting booth during the 2013 mayoral primary.

New York City will decide if ranked-choice voting will make it there

Ranked-choice voting will step out onto another prominent stage this year: The people of the nation's largest city will decide in November whether the innovative and controversial system will be used for primaries and special elections.

The commission charged with updating New York City's charter, the equivalent of a constitution, voted 13-1 on Wednesday in favor of switching to a multiple-choice approach to municipal balloting.

If the voters agree, it would be the most prominent victory to date for advocates of ranked choice voting. Not only is New York home to 8.6 million people, but it's also the home of most media organizations driving the national political conversation. So an embrace of ranked-choice voting there could elevate its acceptance even more, and earlier, than its debut in the 2020 Democratic nominating processes in at least six states.

Under the RCV system – also dubbed IRV, for instant runoff voting – going to the polls means ranking the candidates for each office in order of preference. If no one wins a majority of No. 1 ballots, the candidate with the least votes is eliminated and the ballots with that person in the top spot are redistributed based on their No. 2 rankings, the process continuing until one candidate has a majority.

Proponents say RCV provides a more authentic way of reflecting the breadth of support for candidates and pushes politicians toward greater civility and moderation, because being "everyone's second choice" can prove to be a winning strategy. Opponents say the system is confusing, vulnerable to fraud and goes against the candidate-with-the-most-votes-wins custom of American elections

New York "should trust Hamilton and Madison over Rube Goldberg in structuring its democracy," Merryl Tisch, vice chairman of the state university system trustees, said in casting the only "no" vote on the charter commission.

San Francisco is the biggest of about 20 cities that have already embraced ranked-choice voting for municipal elections. Maine is the only state to use it for state and federal candidates.

But advocates celebrated the move in New York as a watershed moment for their cause. "This is a tremendous victory," said CEO Rob Richie of FairVote, one of the leading advocates for ranked-choice voting.

An amendment to add November balloting to the referendum proposal was narrowly rejected, prompting commissioner Sal Albanese to lament that the city would be considering "a half measure" that if adopted would confuse many New Yorkers by creating two voting systems.

Other commissioners, however, suggested that using RCV for the primaries was a bold move and that it would help improve historically low turnout in the preliminary round of voting in the city, where winning the Democratic nomination is tantamount to winning election for most positions.

"Election reform is the gateway though which every other improvement is going to be achieved," commissioner Stephen Fiala said.

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The House on Friday passed legislation to restore a provision of the Voting Rights Act struck down by the Supreme Court in 2013. The bill would require advance approval of voting changes in states with a history of discrimination. Here President Lyndon Johnson shares one of the pens he used to sign the Voting Rights Act of 1965 with civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Passage of historic voting rights law takes a partisan turn

In a partisan vote on an issue that once was bipartisan, House Democrats pushed through legislation Friday that would restore a key portion of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

The Voting Rights Advancement Act passed the House 228-187, with all Democrats voting for the bill and all but one Republican, Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania, voting against it.

The bill faces virtually no chance of being considered in the Republican-controlled Senate.

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Big Picture

TV stations fight FCC over political ad disclosure

Broadcasters are pushing back against the Federal Communications Commission after the agency made clear it wants broader public disclosure regarding TV political ads.

With the 2020 election less than a year away and political TV ads running more frequently, the FCC issued a lengthy order to clear up any ambiguities licensees of TV stations had regarding their responsibility to record information about ad content and sponsorship. In response, a dozen broadcasting stations sent a petition to the agency, asking it to consider a more narrow interpretation of the law.

This dispute over disclosure rules for TV ads comes at a time when digital ads are subject to little regulation. Efforts to apply the same rules for TV, radio and print advertising across the internet have been stymied by Congress's partisanship and the Federal Election Commission being effectively out of commission.

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1952 Eisenhower Answers America

On TV, political ads are regulated – but online, anything goes

Lightman is a professor of digital media and marketing at Carnegie Mellon University.

With the 2020 election less than a year away, Facebook is under fire from presidential candidates, lawmakers, civil rights groups and even its own employees to provide more transparency on political ads and potentially stop running them altogether.

Meanwhile, Twitter has announced that it will not allow any political ads on its platform.

Modern-day online ads use sophisticated tools to promote political agendas with a high degree of specificity.

I have closely studied how information propagates through social channels and its impact on political messaging and advertising.

Looking back at the history of mass media and political ads in the national narrative, I think it's important to focus on how TV advertising, which is monitored by the Federal Communications Commission, differs fundamentally with the world of social media.

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