News. Debate. Community. Levers for a better democracy.
Ugly Gerry

The Gerry font comes up with all 26 letters by mashing up and rotating just 31 House districts. See our slideshow at the bottom for details.

Expressing your anger at gerrymandering? There's a font for that.

Plenty of congressional districts get mocked for looking like parts of a Rorschach test. But only now have some creative folks conjured up the letters A through Z.

It was hard not to see "a rabbit on a skateboard" in last decade's map for Illinois, or "Goofy kicking Donald Duck" in the Philadelphia suburbs until a few years ago, or — most famously — a salamander slithering across Massachusetts in the 19th century map approved by Gov. Elbridge Gerry, which gave rise to the derisive term gerrymandering for such convoluted contouring.

But today's map of the House of Representatives, it turns out, contains an unsightly but still readily readable alphabet.

Redistricting reformers with a sense of humor, or at least looking for a fresh way to make their point, are welcome to go to and download the letters for free.

The font was unveiled at the end of July by Chicago digital creatives Ben Doessel, James Lee and Kevin McGlone. Their inspiration, they said, was realizing their home congressional district, the Illinois 4th, looked quite a bit like a letter U – albeit one lying on its side. (To the political world it's long been the legendary "earmuffs" district, with Latino neighborhoods north and south of the Loop stitched together to comply with a federal court command that Chicago have a Hispanic-majority seat.)

After that realization, the team noticed how rotating North Carolina's rural 6th district 90 degrees turned it into a pretty good letter H. Before too long, they had come up with the other two dozen letters as well.

To finish the job, a pair of districts had to be mashed up to create five letters. But, intentionally or not, the 31 districts chosen underscore the central reality of gerrymandering: It is a bipartisan practice that's been used with remarkable effect to assure the vast majority of the 435 seats are not competitive between the parties.

The new font uses 15 districts where Republicans now appear to be prohibitive favorites to win again in November 2020 and 15 others where the Democrats are similarly safe bets. Only Ohio's 12th (the spine of the letter B) looks to be competitive, Republican Troy Balderson having won twice quite narrowly in a suburban Columbus district that President Trump also carried.

The Gerry font — which looks like a cousin of the eclectic, early '90s font Wingdings — employs districts from 16 states. And, in another potential coincidence that could prove confounding to gerrymandering critics, the three states represented most draw their maps different ways. The map for Ohio (5 seats in the front) was drawn by Republicans and the Illinois map (4) by Democrats, but the California map (also 4) was the work of an independent commission.

Still, the creators have a strikingly simple message for anyone who views their handiwork. Other than the detailed maps, their website says only: "Tweet your rep. Do something about it."

Clicking on that message allows the user to compose a message, in Gerry, which can then be tweeted to the author's House member.

And, now that the Supreme Court has ruled the federal courts have no jurisdiction to decide when partisan power plays in mapmaking have gone too far, the burden falls squarely on state courts and legislators – either in state capitals or in Washington. Several state legislatures are mulling legislation, and several lawsuits challenging maps as violating state constitutions.

Congress could set a national rule, but that seems impossible in the currently divided Capitol. The House-passed political overhaul, HR 1, would require non-partisan panels to draw the congressional lines for every state, for example, but Majority Leader Mitch McConnell says the bill will never be taken up in the Senate because the Republican majority has no interest.

Font crafters Doessel and Lee work for the advertising firm Leo Burnett. McGlone, an alumnus of the agency, designed the site. The project is independent of the firm.

"To ensure the eroding of democracy isn't an issue that is lost in the news cycle," they said via email, they "concocted a creative way to keep our warped voting districts top-of-mind."

Click through this slide show to see the detailed ABCs of the districts they chose — and who represents them now.

The letter A

Ugly Gerry

California's 3rd is held by Democrat John Garamendi. Texas' 35th is held by Democrat Lloyd Doggett.

News. Community. Debate. Levers for better democracy.

Sign up for The Fulcrum newsletter.

NickyBlade/Getty Images

More states rolling the dice for election security

The paper trail has become the industry standard for giving voters and elections officials confidence that ballots haven't been hacked. Now comes another back-to-the-future move for boosting security and bolstering public confidence in elections: the return of the 10-sided dice.

The quirky toys found in many high school classrooms and role-playing games are part of a pilot program announced this week in Pennsylvania, which is joining a handful of other states in trying out a math-based system for checking the accuracy of election returns.

The "risk-limiting audit" searches for irregularities in vote tallies and relies on some seriously advanced statistical analysis combined with a bit of analog randomness, which is where auditors using those pentagonal trapezohedrons (the dice) at public audit hearings will ­­get involved.

Keep reading... Show less
Inquire Indiana: Which Counties Don't Have Paper Ballots?

Indiana moving far too slowly to thwart election hacking, lawsuit alleges

Indiana is not moving nearly assertively enough to upgrade its voting machines so they're less vulnerable to hackers, a nonprofit alleges in a federal lawsuit pressing the state to spend millions more before the presidential election.

At issue is the timetable for eliminating the direct recording electronic, or DRE, voting machines that are in use in 58 of the state's 92 counties. The complaint filed Thursday by Indiana Vote by Mail, which advocates for any array of proposals to give Hoosiers easier access to the ballot box, wants to force the state to replace the paperless devices in the next year with machines that produce a voter-verified paper audit trail.

Indiana for now looks to be among just eight states using paperless balloting in 2020, when President Trump will be counting on its 11 electoral votes. The state last went for the Democratic candidate for president in 2008.

Keep reading... Show less